The Avengers are hanging in limbo.
The entire video’s worth watching, but here are five tidbits that seem especially pertinent, with some offering clues as to what the future holds. “You can’t go on the run without it affecting you emotionally.”
Thanos stole movie from Thor Thor (Chris Hemsworth) had a powerful role in Infinity War, but it could’ve been even bigger. “(Thor) has lost everything in his life,” Joe Russo says.
I would argue that had Thor chopped (Thanos’) head off at the end of the movie, that the movie would belong to Thor, but because he didn’t, it belongs to Thanos.” “The fact that he was able to view the events unfolding 14 million times, and watching them lose 14 million times, is weighing heavy on his heart,” Joe Russo says. “Shuri is the smartest character in the Marvel universe,” Joe Russo says bluntly.
Black Panther and Wakanda aren’t going anywhere “Black Panther (Chadwick Boseman) has tremendous potential as a character in the Marvel universe,” Joe Russo says. “And I think Wakanda is essential to whatever may happen post-Avengers Infinity War to how the world may deal with what has happened to them.”
As has been made abundantly clear by the advertising department of essentially every consumer electronics manufacturer on the planet: everything is improved by the addition of sensors and a smartphone companion app.
Doesn’t matter if it’s your thermostat or your toilet, you absolutely must know at all times that it’s operating at peak efficiency.
But why stop at household gadgets?
What better to induct into the Internet of Things than 600 year old samurai weaponry?
Introducing the eKatana by [Carlos Justiniano]: by adding a microcontroller and accelerometer to the handle of a practice sword, it provides data on the motion of the blade as it’s swung.
The eKatana is powered by an Adafruit Feather 32u4 Bluefruit LE and LSM9DS0 accelerometer module along with a tiny 110 mAh LiPo battery.
Bundled together, it makes for a small and unobtrusive package at the base of the sword’s handle.
A real-time output of sword rotation, pitch, and heading is sent out by the Adafruit Feather over BLE for analysis by a companion smartphone application.
For now he just has a running output of the raw data, but [Carlos] envisions a fully realized application that could provide the user with motions to perform and give feedback on their form.
Incidentally this isn’t the first motion-detecting sword we’ve ever covered, but we think this particular incarnation of the concept might have more practical applications.
Typically, when jump starting a car, another working vehicle is pulled into place, and the battery connected in parallel with the dead battery of the disabled vehicle.
Ideally, the working vehicle is then started to enable its alternator to provide charge to the whole system to avoid draining its own battery.
At this point, the disabled vehicle can be started and its alternator can begin to recharge its own battery.
The most basic problem of all is making a connection.
Worse, attaching jumper leads to such tiny terminals often puts the positive and negative jumper leads at risk of shorting on each other, which can create sparks or lead to a battery fire or explosion.
I was well aware that my battery was very dead – the car battery was reading less than 10V on the voltmeter.
Knowing this, I was confident that my relatively small drill battery (with a capacity of just 2.4Ah) would likely see its voltage drop significantly when connected to a load consisting of an almost entirely drained lead acid car battery.
That said, take this on at your own risk, and keep in mind that some cars don’t like being jump started at all.
You’re less likely to be successful trying to turn over a 6.9 L Cummins with a half-charged 1.2 Ah drill battery.
I was then sure to immediately disconnect the drill battery, lest the alternator back-charge it and cause damage.
Image With gentle pulses from gigantic lasers, scientists at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory in California transformed hydrogen into droplets of shiny liquid metal.
It also turns into a liquid at higher temperatures when squeezed under immense pressure.
Isaac F. Silvera, a professor of physics at Harvard, and his colleagues used two interlocking pieces of diamond to compress a smidgen of hydrogen and then heated it with laser pulses.
That compressed the deuterium to a pressure that was 6 million times greater than atmospheric pressure while keeping temperatures to what the physicists regarded as cool: below 3,000 degrees Fahrenheit.
They found that the metallic hydrogen transition occurred at less crushing pressures: only 2 million times atmospheric pressure.
David M. Ceperley, a physicist at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, and his collaborators worked on herculean computer calculations, each data point the result of about 100 hours on a supercomputer with 10,000 computer cores, to model the transition of liquid hydrogen from insulator to metal.
The Sandia scientists, however, remain confident in their data and did not agree with how the new paper reinterpreted their findings.
“Their temperatures are actually higher than they believe.
The researchers at both labs are preparing to run additional experiments, compressing hydrogen instead of deuterium.
Even as scientists get a better idea of liquid metallic hydrogen, the ultimate feat of high-pressure alchemy would be to transform hydrogen into a solid metallic form at yet higher pressures.
Studio headphones can be pricey beasts.
They’re designed to offer the precision required when mixing audio or editing video.
Brainwavz isn’t a household name, and the HM5 lacks many of the bells-and-whistles offered by more everyday-focused cans.
Performance I was reasonably impressed with the Brainwavz HM5.
The cans themselves are delightfully well-balanced, without too much emphasis on the lows or highs, and faithfully reproduced everything I played on it.
As the track progresses, it transforms into a more conventional indie rock song.
Quinlan’s vocal range is nothing short of fascinating.
The song starts with an upbeat synth riff, before sharply moving into Lauren Mayberry’s celtic-tinged vocals, and a pounding bass riff.
If you’re looking for some cans for everyday listening, I can’t argue against the Brainwavz HM5, which offers a faithfully balanced (if not neutral) listening profile, and some of the best comfort I’ve experienced on a pair of low-budget cans.
Obviously, there are a lot of brands competing in the same sphere here, including Shure and Audio-Technica, both of which have compelling closed-back studio cans.
Now we also know that that covert driving attire was to help Ford’s self-driving car team shape a “common language” for cars to “talk” to pedestrians and other people on the road.
Image: ford This all came out this week when Ford released its self-driving safety report, in which it explained how the “simulated” autonomous experiences with the disguised driver in a seat suit led to its windshield light bar, which lights up with different patterns to show what it the car is doing.
Image: ford Once cars are machine-driven, any pedestrian-driver communication gets a lot harder.
The vehicles all have two safety operators inside while the vehicle is in autonomous mode.
Ford is working with software partner Argo AI, and explained that Argo has a training program for safety operators that starts with simpler stuff like accelerating and braking and just getting used to testing areas.
The fatal Uber crash was discussed in the report without being mentioned by name — it was obvious that was what they were talking about.
Ford said its system would call 911, turn on hazard lights, log crash data, connect a service representative to talk to passengers, see how bad of a crash it is, and from there decide next steps.
Raphael Gindrat, co-founder of autonomous fleet system service Bestmile, said in a phone call that safety perception and acceptance of self-driving vehicles go hand-in-hand.
Passengers will press a button on a screen when they are ready to go, it said.
Using all this seat suit and self-delivered pizza data, Ford’s hoping to have its self-driving system ready for the road in three years.
Set in a slick, fast 2-D world, it’s celebratory of player death and the possibilities that brings for progression, development, and play.
Dead Cells follows a structure that, for the hardcore game player, is likely familiar: Every life is spent gathering resources and getting as far as possible in a series of stages with randomized level design and enemy placement.
But Dead Cells is different.
I cannot stop playing this game, and I think you should play it, too.
Borrowing from games like Metroid and Castlevania, Dead Cells hides permanent character upgrades in static parts of the level progression, in specific locations and enemy placements that remain as everything around them changes life to life.
Meanwhile, the specifically placed upgrades become goals to strive toward, linking together many disparate runs into a cohesive narrative: the quest to get a specific power, which then opens up more stages and more powers for further growth.
It’s an immensely clever blending of randomized and scripted elements, drawn from old games that the team at Motion Twin clearly adores and has spent time studying.
Every movement builds on the entire history of 2-D character and combat design, fast and fluid and powerful.
Each jump can be turned into a powerful slam to the ground; each roll can be used to knock open a door; each slash of a sword can stun and burst an enemy into a pile of power-ups and pixelated gore.
These two significant changes to the typical formula make every moment of Dead Cells feel immediate.
How do you measure the success of your social media efforts?
According to fresh data from MDG Advertising, 28% of marketing agencies say that they are struggling with quantifying social media marketing impact of their campaigns; 55% claim they can measure it somewhat, and only 17% say that they can provide accurate data on this point.
What is social media ROI?
What you get back in returns from that investment – sales, email subscribers, traffic, downloads, brand visibility or customer trust – is your ROI number.” Sometimes, ROI can be measured in terms of money.
The bottom line is that for social media marketing campaigns that can be measured in terms of dollars, you have to know the cost of your investment and the value of your profit.
“For instance, here’s how they do social media marketing: create social media accounts; post things; expect to make some profit.
That’s why tracking ROI is so important in business.
How to set ROI goals and measurements Every social media effort should be associated with one or more goals.
The tools and methods for tracking ROI Once you have established your goals and the value of those results it’s time to track those metrics.
It even has a social conversions module that allows you to create goals related to tracking social media efforts.
He’s looking for new genes that could make wheat resistant to one of the most devastating plant diseases in the world.
Anderson runs the university’s wheat breeding program, one of dozens in the US dedicated to improving the crop through generations of traditional breeding, and increasingly, with the aid of genetic technologies.
Like a physical map of the monstrous genome—wheat has five times more DNA than you do—the fully annotated sequence provides the location of over 107,000 genes and more than 4 million genetic markers across the plant’s 21 chromosomes.
“Having breeders take the information we’ve provided to develop varieties that are more adapted to local areas is really, we think, the foundation of feeding our population in the future,” says Kellye Eversole, the executive director of the International Wheat Genome Sequencing Consortium, the public-private research team that worked for more than a decade to complete the sequence.
So what kinds of traits make for better wheat?
Then they screen and select for traits they want, which requires testing how well thousands of individual plants perform over the growing season.
It’s only in the last three years that he’s used gene sequencing technologies to help produce more survivors.
To line up those gene sequences, graduate students in Anderson’s lab used an earlier, rougher version of the reference genome, which the IWGSC published in 2014.
The sequence published today, which covers 94 percent of the genome, as opposed to 61 percent, will be even more useful for tying specific traits to specific genes and starting to make tweaks.
“We’re in a totally different time where we can try some of these high-risk, high-reward approaches that might give us 80 or 90 percent of the information and then we can go in and fill the gaps,” says Eversole.
Image Netflix formally announced Thursday that it had struck a production deal with Kenya Barris, the creator of the acclaimed ABC comedy “black-ish.” The move was widely expected.
Mr. Barris had spent several months negotiating an early exit from his ABC contract, which he and the network agreed to three weeks ago.
The relationship between Mr. Barris and ABC soured after the network passed on several of his new shows.
It also made the unusual move of refusing to air an episode of “black-ish” earlier this year that dealt with race relations in a particularly pointed fashion.
With his new deal, Mr. Barris joins Ryan Murphy and Shonda Rhimes, two prolific producers who also left their network television homes to join the free-spending streaming service and the creative freedoms it offers.
“Kenya Barris is one of our great modern storytellers,” said Cindy Holland, the vice president of original content at Netflix.
“Kenya uses his voice to make audiences more aware of the world around them, while simultaneously making them laugh.” In a statement, Mr. Barris said that after he started negotiating with Netflix he “started to believe that maybe this mom-and-pop shop with only 130 million subscribers might just be something.” Terms of the deal between Mr. Barris and Netflix were not announced.
In addition to “black-ish,” which has been nominated for 13 Emmys, Mr. Barris is also the creator of the spinoff, “Grown-ish,” which broadcasts on Freeform.
He also wrote the screenplay for the hit 2017 movie “Girls Trip.” Mr. Barris’s move to Netflix is the latest blow to ABC.
Ms. Rhimes, the creative force behind shows like “Grey’s Anatomy” and “Scandal,” left the network last year and is now poised to oversee an ambitious slate of programming at Netflix.
While officials and scientists on the scene react, IBM and some of its friends are 1,000 miles away asking Lake George why these things happen.
A team of interdisciplinary science all-stars have spent the last five years at Lake George, building the most advanced environmental monitoring system ever made.
This is a new chapter in a decades long study to determine the impact that humans’ presence has on natural water sources, including why some algae blooms — colloquially called red tides — turn toxic.
Kolar told us the Jefferson team collects about nine terabytes of data per year, but its models generate about 72 – that’s far too much data for humans to deal with.
According to Kolar the weather modelling AI is “highly accurate,” and it has to be: what data gets generated depends on it.
Kolar told us: Ours is interesting because this advanced intelligent sensor network is actually connected to the modeling environment.
The Jefferson Project answered a call from New York Governer Andrew Cuomo last December when he asked scientists to figure out an answer to the state’s harmful algae bloom problem.
One such body, Skaneateles Lake, has a recurring harmful algae bloom and The Jefferson project is helping to figure out why.
It’ll stay there for the next few months, hanging out with some toxic algae, while researchers analyze data and conduct tests to figure out why the red tide arrives.
The Jefferson project believes Lake George has the answers, and it’s using cutting-edge AI to translate what the lake is saying into actionable data.
PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) — Jill Janus, lead singer of the heavy metal band Huntress, has died at age 43, her family and band said Thursday.
Janus had long struggled with mental Illness, and killed herself outside Portland, Oregon, on Tuesday, her relatives and bandmates said in a statement released through publicist Alexandra Greenberg.
Janus fronted Huntress from the group’s inception in Los Angeles in 2009, singing on three full-length albums and on tours with bands including Motorhead and Lamb of God.
Founding member Blake Meahl said on his Facebook page Thursday that he and Janus “spent 9 years together creating a home, having a family and building our passion project Huntress.
The devastation of knowing I will never see her again is the most gutting emotion i have ever experienced.” “I hope you have found the peace that you couldn’t find on this planet” Meahl added.
The band’s sound was classic thrash-inflected metal, with Janus, one of the few female vocalists in the genre, screaming through songs like “Spell Eater,” ”Eight of Swords,” and “Sorrow” with her long blonde hair and tight, black leather stage suits.
Janus had been an advocate for mental health and encouraged fans who were suffering to seek help.
Her struggles with bi-polar disorder nearly brought an end to the band in 2018, but they returned for another album and more touring.
The family statement urges those considering harming themselves to call the national suicide-prevention hotline .
As Reed explained, he’s all for it — and he’d even enjoy seeing Hope be the team leader. “I’d like to see her as the head of the all-female Avengers.
I know Evangeline sort of said, maybe, that would be ‘Captain Marvel’, because she does have the word ‘captain’ in her name.
In a way, it isn’t too hard to see Hope leading the charge in a female-led MCU movie, considering how independent her story arc was within Ant-Man and the Wasp. “The mission that is happening with her, entirely separate of Scott, is vital and it’s her mission,” Reed said in a previous interview.
Hank and Hope are working together, but it’s really Hope leading the charge and that was an important thing when we started talking about what was going on is the what and why of this mission, um, and that there may be certain points in this movie where she sees Scott as a liability.”
And when combined with the fact that Lilly is very personally on board with the idea, it definitely feels like a win-win. “We would love to do that, and I think we should all put as much pressure as possible on [Marvel Studios president] Kevin [Feige] to make that happen.”
Would you want to see Wasp lead an all-female Avengers movie?
Let us know what you think in the comments below.
Selena Gomez gave fans a rare look at her summer and also opened up about her upcoming album on Wednesday.
On Instagram Live, the “Back to You” singer, 26, confirmed her new album — a follow up to 2015’s Revival — is full of collaborations, although she didn’t drop any names.
“It’s very honest, but playful and I felt like creatively it is in a really great direction,” Gomez told fans.
“I just wanted it to feel like what is going on in my head, which was a lot.” While the “Wolves” singer hasn’t released too many details regarding her next album, she does have much to talk about including the engagement of her ex-boyfriend Justin Bieber to model Hailey Baldwin.
The 13 Reasons Why producer almost shared a sneak peek of her album before her friend, Raquelle Stevens, persuaded her to keep it a surprise.
“I’m just so anxious because I want to play my music,” Gomez said, laughing.
“I can’t wait for you guys to hear it.” “I’m just anticipating like what — I don’t know what people are going to think — like do you think they are going to think it is the same thing?” Gomez asked before Stevens interjected to say her new album isn’t anything like her past work.
RELATED VIDEO: Selena Gomez Doesn’t Believe in Love at First Sight: ‘I Think You Gotta Know Someone’ The “Hands to Myself” singer agreed and revealed she sought inspiration from some of her favorite artists to make the album, such as Drake, Nicki Minaj and Travis Scott.
RELATED: She’s on a Boat!
Selena Gomez Celebrates Turning 26 with Balloons, Bubbly and Her BFFs RELATED: Selena Gomez Slashes Price of Her Fort Worth, Texas, Mansion for a Third Time to $2.7 Million But that was not all she was sharing Wednesday.
By looking at the historical clashes of nations we can learn how the ancients overcame adversity through warfare and early types of diplomacy.
As to the reasons why they broke the truce, I propose first to give an account of the causes of complaint which they had against each other and of the specific instances where their interests clashed: this is in order that there should be no doubt in anyone’s mind about what led to this great war falling upon the Hellenes.
Allison coined the term ‘Thucydides Trap’ to describe the idea that when one great power is rising it will inevitably threaten to displace the established power, consistently resulting in war.
TextColorWhiteBlackRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentBackgroundColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyOpaqueSemi-TransparentTransparentWindowColorBlackWhiteRedGreenBlueYellowMagentaCyanTransparencyTransparentSemi-TransparentOpaque Font Size50%75%100%125%150%175%200%300%400% Text Edge StyleNoneRaisedDepressedUniformDropshadow Font FamilyProportional Sans-SerifMonospace Sans-SerifProportional SerifMonospace SerifCasualScriptSmall Caps DefaultsDone The Thucydides trap: What America gets wrong about China David Kang Maria Crutcher Professor of International Relations, University of Southern California 07:05 Allison believes that this doesn’t have to be the case, and David C. Kang, Professor of International Relations at the University of Southern California who spoke with Big Think recently, also believes that the Thucydides Trap must be avoided at all costs.
Throughout time, the Thucydides Trap has been reenacted multiple times across the world stage.
Allison believes that this will lead to more prosperous times in America and around the world—particularly at a time when he believes America needs it the most.
In Destined for War: Can America and China Escape Thucydides’s Trap?, Graham Allison states: “I am a congenital optimist about America, but I worry that American democracy is exhibiting fatal symptoms.
In nation-states that were emerging during the 14th to 16th century (in the early days of the Renaissance) diplomacy was beginning to be conducted between ambassadors and consuls of different countries.
Globalization’s effect on avoiding future wars There have been many false starts and stops with the future of a globalized network of peaceful interaction.
Eventually, the United Nations was created with the hope that it would ensure diplomatic international cooperation on a global scale.
If you’re struggling to start or complete a task, give yourself some encouragement to keep going.
 For example, you might say, “I am going for a run right now because I want to become fitter” or “I need to do this homework so that I can get an A.” Remind yourself of the dangers of procrastination.
Promise yourself something like “If I get this done now, I can leave work early today” or “If I can get this out of the way, I can work on something more fun.” Build a vision board with images that represent what you want to accomplish in your life.
 2 Break down your work into smaller chunks.
You may dread hours of work, but if you break your day down into smaller segments, work can be easier to deal with.
For example, instead of saying, “I have to work all morning,” say, “I’m going to write this report in 1 hour, then I will go to the meeting at 11, and then it will be lunchtime.” Block off segments and tasks in a planner or calendar app.
This can break up your day and make it easier to face.
This can keep you excited and motivated for the next step.
 5 Give yourself occasional breaks to avoid burnout.
While it is important to avoid distractions, too much work can make you less productive.
After the fall of the Soviet Union and closure of the mine, it dropped to just 2,000.
Top Places in Kyrgyzstan See more things to do in Kyrgyzstan » Today the impoverished village is deteriorating; many buildings are empty and boarded up, and radiation levels can reach 10 times higher the norm.
While some coal mines are still active, the majority of residents are unemployed, living on small pensions leftover from the town’s glory days.
While houses in most villages are usually built for a single family and rarely surpass two floors, the buildings in Min Kush are at least three or four times bigger.
Some were actually flat-blocks, while others were probably used for administration.
It is cordoned off, but it is obvious that someone is using these facilities as animal shelters, and sections of the surrounding land were actually cultivated.
The other three piles are also in dire need of maintenance.
Other areas are cordoned off.
Set deep in the Min Kush Valley, along the Min Kush River, the road to the village is bumpy, muddy, and dangerous, and with very little traffic.
A safer option to reach Min Kush is by a 4×4 vehicle.
It is thought that the eruption could be the origin of the myth of Atlantis, a lost island world, or the source for the Biblical plagues of Egypt—polluted river, darkened sky.
If the event could be precisely dated, that layer would provide a very useful time horizon for understanding chronology across the region.
The growth rings of trees, for instance, keep a record that can be traced back thousands of years by matching up rings of trees whose lives overlapped.
This calibration is critical to how radiocarbon dating works, and over the years researchers have joined together to create a standard curve representing the change in atmospheric carbon over time, using information trapped in wood, coral, rock, and other materials.
Tree rings, which can be tracked to specific years and are made of organic material, can be a useful tool—combining two of archaeologists’ more important dating techniques—for refining the calibration curve and making radiocarbon dating more accurate.
Pearson and her colleagues measured the carbon-14 in individual tree rings of a known age from bristlecone pine in California, as well as from oak trees in Ireland, specifically for the period in which Thera likely erupted, between 1700 B.C.
“The new data is welcome, but there are a number of question marks until it’s replicated by other labs,” says Sturt Manning, a professor of classical archaeology at Cornell University, who has long studied the dating of the Thera explosion but was not involved in this study.
To adjust the standard calibration curve will require data from many sources to back up the annual tree ring data.
If we’re really going to study their effects in past societies, we need really well-resolved timelines.” The new paper will likely at least help push forward ongoing work on the carbon dating calibration curve.
“So far no one’s found that tree,” he says.
Known as the Corrupted Blood Incident, the plague’s genesis can be traced to a September 13th World of Warcraft update that introduced a new dungeon and super-boss for high-level players to test their mettle against- an ancient blood god called Hakkar the Soulflayer.
While felling the powerful foe, any player who got too close to Hakkar while he was in the throes of death would be afflicted with potent debuff called Corrupted Blood which, in addition to considerably initial damage, would cause additional damage every 2 seconds for a total of 10 seconds.
Because the player could then recall the still infected pet at any time, including, say, in the middle of a populated city.
Because, as noted previously, those afflicted with Corrupted Blood would immediately receive significant damage, Corrupted Blood was potent enough to outright kill some low-level players while many higher level characters were killed by the resulting drip feed of damage caused by the debuff’s secondary effect and the ability to get it again from others around.
For days after, the cities throughout Archimonde were littered with skeletons and news of the virulent, deadly plague sweeping across the server caused quite the commotion in the spheres of gaming and tech journalism.
For example, in 2008, epidemiologist Nina H. Fefferman noted that the Corrupted Blood incident closely (though not perfectly) mirrored a real world epidemic, pointing specifically to how many players initially ignored Blizzard’s warnings to stay away from populated areas and the fact that opportunistic players quickly used the situation to break long held in-game taboos, all especially similar to how real people react in a comparable real world situation.
It is play, but it’s very serious play.” Unsurprisingly, Blizzard weren’t happy about these types of comparisons, releasing a statement that read, in part: As we have always stated, World of Warcraft is first and foremost a game.
Before long players began intentionally being struck by this curse just so that they could teleport into populated game areas and kill as many people as possible.
As with the Corrupted Blood incident, terrorism experts have drawn a parallel between this and real life cases of terrorism.
In May of 2000 players of the popular game The Sims were similarly affected by a mysterious plague which killed any infected character permanently.
Thousands of years ago—long before he arrived at the Egyptian Museum in Turin and became known as S. 293, the oldest preserved body in the collection—a man died in the desert.
Estimates place his death somewhere in the vicinity of 3600 B.C., but it’s hard to say exactly when he perished or where his remains were found.
There are no provenance records for the remains before 1901, when an Italian Egyptologist purchased the mummified body from a dealer and delivered it to the museum.
S. 293 has spent millennia curled on his left side, knees tucked up toward his elbows.
Researchers had long assumed that this mummy, like many others that predate Dynastic Egypt (which begins around 3100 B.C.
Scientists have often considered this hands-off approach to be a major precursor to the painstaking process of deliberate mummification that was refined over the next 2,000 years and reached its apex during the New Kingdom era (c. 1550–1070 B.C.
To Jones and her collaborators from Oxford and the University of York, these findings suggest that bodies were preserved using specific ingredients long before experts had thought.
“Egyptology is a very conservative science.” But the museum in Turin allowed the team to come in and work with S. 293.
In textile fragments from strips encircling the body’s torso and wrists, the researchers found plant oil, conifer resin, and a plant-based sugar or gum.
“The chemistry shows evidence of heating, which is why we can refer to them as ‘recipes.’” The researchers believe that the resin and aromatic plant extracts functioned as antibacterial agents—and they would go on to become the main preservatives in later mummification, too, Jones says.
The European bison can claim the title of Europe’s largest land-dwelling mammal, and its presence has made the Białowieża Forest an EU Special Area of Conservation.
But perhaps its greatest claim to fame is being the namesake of a beloved and highly particular Polish vodka known as Żubrówka, or bison grass vodka.
Like many Polish vodkas, Żubrówka is distilled from rye.
The spirit is then, however, poured through bundles of dry bison grass, so-called because it is enjoyed by the bison who roam the Białowieża.
As the vodka seeps through these enchanted bales, it picks up a litany of subtle flavors alien to standard vodka: Woodruff, vanilla, coconut, cinnamon, almond, lavender and, of course, grass are among the hints detected by those who hath drunk of the forest’s elixir.
The process sometimes gives the drink a slightly yellowish tint that is brought out further by the customary blade of bison grass enclosed in each bottle.
(Since the area is protected, only a limited amount of the greenery can be harvested every year.)
Unfortunately for some living outside Poland, drinkers can only access bison grass vodka in an altered form that removes the key ingredient.
In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration has banned bison grass because it contains coumarin, a blood thinner that also causes liver damage in rats.
In late 2010, Żubrówka was reintroduced to the United States after a ban of more than 30 years, with a revised recipe that removed the coumarin.
A man became stuck in waist-deep mud earlier this week trying to save his parrot – luckily, the local firefighters knew how to help the ensnared duo.
The man from Belleville, Illinois often goes biking around the neighborhood with his pet bird on his shoulder.
As they were passing the dredged lakes of Bicentennial Park this weekend, the parrot accidentally got stuck in the mud.
The owner tried to rescue his bird only to become trapped in the dangerous sludge himself.
Rescue crews arrived on the scene and devised a plan to get him out.
“He was probably several hundred feet out into the mud with the parrot on his back,” Fire Chief Tom Pour told the Belleville-News Democrat.
“It was challenging because you couldn’t just walk out there and hoist him out.
It was like quicksand.” The firefighters collected several ladders which they used to create a kind of bridge across the drier areas of the muddy lake.
Then, they crawled across the ladders until they were close enough to haul the man and his parrot – both of whom were fortunately unharmed – out of the pit.
The grateful man was given a thorough hosing down after the rescue, which brought a pleasant end to an “unusual and dangerous situation”, says the fire department.
If the Wi-Fi goes out and your smarthome devices lose connectivity, it’s mostly just an inconvenience.
RELATED: How to Set Up and Install the Nest Protect Smart Smoke Alarm When the internet stops working in your home, a lot of smarthome device functionality disappears until the internet comes back on.
However, other devices still work just fine, albeit in a more “dumbhome” fashion—like smart thermostats.
The Nest Protect smart smoke alarm fits in the latter category.
Long story short, the smoke detection capabilities of your Nest Protect still work just fine when it loses its connection.
You won’t be able to control or manage it remotely from your phone or take advantage of all the other cool features from the app, but the alarm itself will still act like any other regular smoke alarm—it will sound an alarm when it detects smoke.
RELATED: The Differences Between the 1st-Gen and 2nd-Gen Nest Protect In fact, you can set up the Nest Protect without ever connecting it to Wi-Fi or linking it to your Nest account at all.
Nest Protects use their own wireless network of sorts to connect to each other.
So even if your home’s Wi-Fi goes kaput and one of your Nest Protects detects smoke (thus, tripping the alarm), all of the other Nest Protects will go off as well.
RELATED: What You Need to Know About Smoke Alarms However, you do need a Wi-Fi connection and the Nest app to set up more than one Nest Protect in the first place, since any additional units gain their settings from a previously-configured Nest Protect device.
Buckland in the Moor is a perfectly picturesque village in Dartmoor; the pastoral landscape is dotted with quaint thatched cottages that harken to another time.
With a population of just around 100 people, this tiny village also has more than its fair share of oddities.
One of the local gems is the parish church, St Peter’s, which was originally built in the 12th century and mostly rebuilt in the 15th century.
It is notable for its Norman limestone font, rood screen, and medieval floor tiles.
But its biggest draw is the unusual clock that graces the stone tower.
Instead of numerals, there are 12 Olde English letters around the circumference, which spell out “My Dear Mother.” The words “My Dear” make up the hours of 9 through 2 across the top of the clock face, with “Mother” spelled out counterclockwise below from 8 to 3.
The black-and-gold timepiece was added to the old church in 1931 by William Whitley, Lord of Buckland Manor.
He had the clock made as a memorial to his mother who had recently died.
Ever quarter hour, its chimes play the the Anglican hymn “All Things Bright and Beautiful.” Whitley is also behind the village’s other unique attraction, two large granite slabs engraved with the Ten Commandments.
He hired a mason to carefully carve the biblical text into two stones that stand on top of Buckland Beacon, a grassy hill with lovely views overlooking the valley.
It’s important to be organized when you live with a roommate.
Things like paying your bills equally, splitting chores, or simply knowing what’s going on in the other person’s life.
Best For Managing Bills: Splitwise (Free, iOS/Android) It’s important that both you and your roommate keep up with the bills, and that everyone pays their fair share.
Available for iOS and Android, Splitwise makes it a breeze to split every bill, from a utility expense to simply paying your half at breakfast.
Still, it’s a useful feature if you’re part of a big group of students and you want to see what’s going on.
You might want to make sure your transactions are set to private, though.
Make a note to get the kind with no pulp.
You can also set reminders, to let yourself or your roommate know when something important like a dorm inspection is coming up.
It takes seconds to share lists via Android, iOS, web, and desktop apps, so there’s no excuse to ‘forget’ a chore.
For both iOS and Android, the Google Calendar app is the perfect way to coordinate when you or your roommate are busy or away.
Smoothing out the rough patches of a material widely used to filter saltwater could make producing freshwater more affordable, researchers report in the Aug. 17 Science.
Desalination plants around the world typically strain salt out of seawater by pumping it through films made of polyamide — a synthetic polymer riddled with tiny pores that allow water molecules to squeeze through, but not sodium ions.
But organic matter, along with some other waterborne particles like calcium sulfate, can accumulate in the pockmarked surfaces of those films, preventing water from passing through the pores (SN: 8/20/16, p. 22).
Plant operators must replace the membranes frequently or install expensive equipment to remove these contaminants before they reach the filters.
That could cut costs for producing freshwater, making desalination more broadly accessible.
Hundreds of millions of people already rely on desalinated water for drinking, cooking and watering crops, and the need for freshwater is only increasing (SN: 8/18/18, p. 14).
These molecules glom onto the sheet, building up a thin polymer membrane.
But that technique doesn’t allow much control over the membrane’s texture, says Jeffrey McCutcheon, a chemical engineer at the University of Connecticut in Storrs.
McCutcheon and colleagues made their version by spraying the polyamide building blocks, molecular layer by layer, onto sheets of aluminum foil.
Such ultrasmooth surfaces should reduce the amount of gunk that accumulates on the films, McCutcheon says, though his team has yet to test exactly how clean its films stay over time.
Robots, take note: When working in tight, crowded spaces, fire ants know how to avoid too many cooks in the kitchen.
Observations of fire ants digging an underground nest reveal that a few industrious ants do most of the work while others dawdle.
Computer simulations confirm that, while this strategy may not be the fairest, it is the most efficient because it helps reduce overcrowding in tunnels that would gum up the works.
Robots that can work in close, crowded quarters without tripping each other up may be especially good at digging through rubble for search-and-rescue missions, disaster cleanup or construction, says Justin Werfel, a collective behavior researcher at Harvard University who has designed insect-inspired robot swarms (SN: 3/22/14, p. 8).
“To our surprise, we found that there’s only about three to five ants doing anything” at a time, Goldman says.
To investigate why fire ants divvy up work this way, Goldman’s team created computer simulations of two ant colonies digging tunnels.
In one, the virtual ants mimicked the real insects’ unequal work split; in the other, all the ants pitched in equally.
These robots trundled back and forth along a narrow track, scooping up plastic balls at one end and dumping them at the other.
Programming the robots to do equal work is “not so bad when you have two or three,” Goldman says, “but when you get four in that little narrow tunnel, forget about it.” The four-bot fleet tended to get stuck in pileups.
Programming the robots to share the workload unequally helped avoid these smashups and move material 35 percent faster, the researchers found.
However, many school districts have been experimenting with different ideas.
In the state of Colorado, where the four-day school week is most popular, students in all school districts go to school for 1080 hours a year.
Schools in Colorado have been experimenting with the shorter week since 1980.
While some sources suggest that a few South Dakota schools tried a shorter week in the 1930’s, the recent movement for a shorter school week goes back to the gas crisis.
While most school districts went back to the five-day week as costs went down, some districts never did.
The state of Colorado reports no differences in test scores for students in the four-day week schools and those attending classes on a more traditional schedule.
However, a study on South Dakota schools showed mixed results when test scores between four day week and five-day week districts were compared, with the traditional schools tending to do slightly better.
The kids that have been asked about the four-day week seem to be on board with it, even if they just want the three-day weekend.
Since the time spent teaching remains the same, teachers’ incomes are not affected by the changes.
Given issues with how little teachers make, this is big.
By 1959, scientists were considering underground tests.
After a couple of false evacuations, the first test occurred on October 22.
To Brenda Foster, “It felt like the Earth just raised up and set back down.” “The windows on the house were shaking and rattling, and you could see the chimney on the house cracked all the way down,” says Foster, who was a few days shy of her 10th birthday.
“That’s about all I remember of that, but I never will forget it.” In the aftermath, about 400 people filed claims for damages with the government, mostly for cracked plaster or masonry.
On Nobles’s father’s farm, eight miles from the blast site, two wells quit working after the blasts.
But one man, Horace Burge, found his house was “completely destroyed,” says Nobles, who was friends with Burge’s son.
“It broke everything on the inside of his house, threw the stuff out of his cabinets, and messed his foundation up,” Nobles says.
A second test was conducted two years later.
Read about the nukes of Mississippi at Atlas Obscura.
(Image source: Mississippi Department of Archives and History)
The music world is paying tribute to Aretha Franklin after her publicist announced that she passed away in her Detroit home today at the age of 76.
The Queen of Soul was a trailblazer for women and African-American musicians, as she was the first woman to be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and she was named as the #1 greatest singer of all time by Rolling Stone.
Franklin began her musical career at just 10 years old when she started singing and playing piano at her family’s church in Memphis, Tennessee.
At 14 years old, she recorded her first album.
In recognition of her passing, hundreds of musicians and celebrities are now paying their respects to the legendary singer.
“Her voice; her presence; her style – no one did it better.
Truly the Queen of Soul – I will miss you!” singer Lionel Richie said in a statement.
Fellow singer Barbara Streisand, who performed with Franklin in the past, said: “It’s difficult to conceive of a world without her.
Not only was she a uniquely brilliant singer, but her commitment to civil rights made an indelible impact on the world.” “The loss of Aretha Franklin is a blow for everybody who loves real music: Music from the heart, the soul and the Church,” wrote British musician Elton John.
“Her voice was unique, her piano playing underrated – she was one of my favourite pianists.” Franklin is survived by her four sons and the millions of fans who were touched by her musical power and presence.
Located at the end of a historic canal, this working double lock still operates as it did when it was built 170 years ago.
The Muskingum River is a roughly 112-mile-long waterway in southeastern Ohio that was once an important corridor for business within the state and beyond.
Part of the fun is using the lock system to go (literally) up and down the river.
Cruising into Lock #10 is like cruising into a different era, as the lock is still operated totally by hand.
The massive doors and valves are cranked open by the lockmaster using a system of gears and levers.
It is one of the only systems of its kind still in operation today.
Lock #10’s status as a double lock, with two chambers for raising and lowering boats, makes it unique in the region.
The journey through the lock takes about half an hour, with approximately half a million gallons of water displaced by each chamber during the process.
In 1836, the state began building dams and locks on the river to improve its navigability.
The dams made the depth of the river more uniform, but necessitated the use of locks to traverse them.
This week marks the 10th anniversary of a landmark piece of American legislation that has saved countless children from hazards such as lead paint, while cutting the rate of nursery and crib deaths significantly.
The 2008 Consumer Product Safety Information Act (CPSIA) passed through the Senate and House with overwhelming bipartisan support in response to record numbers of product recalls issued for safety hazards.
In 2007, more than one hundred products were recalled for containing lead—10 years later there was only one.
This allowed the Commission to take much harsher legal action to deter violators and reprimand lawbreakers with civil penalties in response to code-violations and negligence.
A ban on eight varieties of phthalates – a chemical used to soften plastic, but which also acts as an endocrine disrupter and has been linked with breast cancer, developmental issues, decreased fertility, and asthma.
For nursery products such as cribs, stringent mandatory standards were established regarding the rigidity, strength, and safety testing of the products, which also includes high chairs, strollers, beds, play yards, swings, carriers, and cradles.
The law also added nursery product registration cards, allowing for, if necessary, rapid targeting during recalls following a malfunction or incident.
MORE: Two US States Have Become the First to Require Mental Health Education in School “The CPSIA represents the most significant strengthening of product safety laws since the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) was created,” stated Rachel Weintraub, Legislative Director and general counsel at Consumer Federation of America.
Today, thanks to the passage of CPSIA, most hazards are caught long before they reach store shelves, allowing American consumers to rest easier, assured that the toys and other goods in their homes are most likely safe.
Keep Your Friends Safe From Negativity And Share The Good News – Representative photo by U.S. Air-Force / Osakabe Yasuo, CC
Stormfury: Calming the Eyewall Since man cannot muster anything approaching the energy of a hurricane, and so has no hope of overcoming the storm by force, Stormfury attempts to use the giant’s own energy against it….
Last week, Project Stormfury began its 1968 season.
— Science News, August 17, 1968.
Update The goal of the U.S. government’s Project Stormfury, which began in the 1960s, was to knock the wind out of tropical cyclones.
By injecting clouds with particles of ice-forming silver iodide, researchers hoped they could disrupt the destructive eye wall of such storms.
Meteorologists tested only a few hurricanes with this cloud-seeding approach because of strict rules and fickle hurricane seasons.
The project shut down in 1983.
Although it failed to meet its goal, Stormfury helped scientists improve hurricane forecasting (SN Online: 9/21/17).
Researchers have proposed other hurricane-busting methods, such as dispersing sulfate aerosols into the stratosphere to try to cool the planet and reduce the number of hurricanes.
The SNES only had 64 kilobytes of audio RAM, yet composers used it to create some of the most memorable soundtracks in history.
Evan Puschak, AKA The Nerdwriter, explores just that in a video posted yesterday, and you should totally check it out.
The video goes over some technical details, including the chips that made this music possible.
There’s the SPC700, the processing core, and the DSP, which actually made the sounds.
Artists could sample extremely tiny bits of audio, but were limited by the storage capacity of cartridges and the tiny amount of RAM dedicated to audio: just 64 kilobytes.
That game really pushed things to the limit, offering music that still sounds great today despite the limitations.
A particular highlight?
Aquatic Ambiance, the underwater theme.
Pull up a chair, and let’s listen to Aquatic Ambiance, together, right now.
Hard to believe that came from a system with only 64 kilobytes of audio RAM.
Edit Article Five Methods:Practicing a Good Defensive StanceDefending the BallDefending the Dribble and ShotPlaying Off-Ball DefenseBuilding Strength and Practicing Defensive SkillsCommunity Q&A As legendary college basketball coach Bob Knight once said, “Good basketball always starts with good defense.” A team’s defense really can make or break a game, and being a good individual defender can make you a huge contributor on your team.
To be a great basketball defender, work on having a strong defensive stance with your weight in the balls of your feet and your hands active.
When you’re defending the ball, keep one hand out to the side to block the passing lane and the other a few inches from the ball, always keeping your body lower than the offensive player’s.
Shift your weight into the balls of your feet and lift your heels just slightly off the ground.
Bend your knees and lower your body into a strong squat position.
 Focus on keeping your weight in the balls of your feet, but not in your toes, which will throw you off balance.
To test how low your stance is, reach down with one hand.
Keeping your weight low and centered on the balls of your feet will help you stop quickly, accelerate faster, and react better to the ball.
Your back should be level from your shoulders to your hips and slightly arched, but not totally straight.
To help you get a feel for the posture, reach your hands down to the ground while sticking your chest up.
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