Neanderthal

Ancient dental plaque tells tales of Neandertal diet and disease

upper jaw from Neandertal
Calcified dental plaque from the upper jaw of a young Neandertal male from El Sidron cave in Spain reveals insights into his vegetarian diet and dental health problems.

Dental plaque preserved in fossilized teeth confirms that Neandertals were flexible eaters and may have self-medicated with an ancient equivalent of aspirin.

DNA recovered from calcified plaque on teeth from four Neandertal individuals suggest that those from the grasslands around Beligum’s Spy cave ate woolly rhinoceros and wild sheep, while their counterparts from the forested El Sidron cave in Spain consumed a menu of moss,…