How ‘America’s Most Wanted’ Helped Track down This Mass Murderer

But in December 1971, John List’s neighbors realized something strange.
Inside they found five dead bodies: John’s wife Helen; their three teenage children, Patricia, Frederick, and John, Jr.; and John’s 84-year-old mother, Alma.
List had been fired from his job as a bank president in Jersey City, but hadn’t told his family.
But, by the time investigators had discovered his crimes, 46-year-old John List was nowhere to be found.
Where was John List?
In the episode, a forensic artist named Frank Bender presented an age-progressed clay bust of what John List might look like at 63 years old.
Robert Clark looked remarkably similar to the clay bust featured on TV, but he vehemently denied being the mass murderer.
Clark’s fingerprints, however, could not be denied: Without a doubt, Robert Clark was John List.
List eventually opened up about the details of his life after the murders.
In the interview, conducted from prison in New Jersey, List explained the details and motivations behind his grisly crimes.

Ann Hodges Was Hit by a Meteorite 62 Years Ago

62 Years Ago Today, Ann Hodges Was Hit by a Meteorite.
The fireball produced by the meteorite’s disintegration was so bright it could be seen by humans below in three different states.
Most of the rock’s bulk was vaporized as it entered Earth’s atmosphere, but one bowling-ball-sized chunk survived and continued on its improbable course.
The scorching-hot rock crashed through the roof of Hodges’s home in Sylacauga, Alabama, then through her ceiling into her living room, bouncing off a large radio before slamming into her unconscious body.
Ann’s husband Hewlett saw the meteorite as a gold mine and decided to sell it.
Unfortunately, their landlord Bertie Guy had the same idea.
Eventually, the landlord lost, but not before the drawn-out legal process drove down the meteorite’s value.
By the time the rock reverted to Ann and Hewlett’s possession, nobody wanted to buy it.
The trauma of the incident, legal battles, and overwhelming media attention left their scars on Hodges long after her bruise had healed.
Ann fell ill and died just eight years later at the age of 52.

World’s Oldest Person Turns 117. What’s Her Secret?

World’s Oldest Person Turns 117.
Raw Eggs. “My word, I’m as old as the hills.”
Back in May, that was 116-year-old Emma Morano’s response to learning that the Guinness World Record for World’s Oldest Living Person had been passed on to her following the death of previous record-holder, Susannah Mushatt Jones.
While other centenarians have attributed their longevity to everything from exercise to lack of exercise, Morano’s secret to a long life is pretty straightforward: two raw eggs a day.
She also suggests eating a bit of minced meat regularly, and only has milk for dinner.
Still, even Carlo Bava—Morano’s doctor of nearly 30 years—seems baffled. “Emma has always eaten very few vegetables, very little fruit,” he said.
Yet somehow, says Bava, she seems to be “eternal.”
Though Morano is only about three months older than Jamaica-born Violet Brown—the world’s second oldest living person, who will celebrate her 117th birthday on March 10—Morano remains “the world’s last living link to the 19th century.”

Use This Handy Guide To Build Your Own LEGO Ornaments

Build Your Own LEGO Ornaments With This Handy Guide.
If you’re still searching for the perfect new addition to this year’s holiday tree, it’s time to give up the hunt for the elusive Perfect Ornament and build your own.
To get started, check out The LEGO Christmas Ornaments Book: 15 Designs to Spread Holiday Cheer by Chris McVeigh.
The colorful, hardcover how-to features 15 easy-to-build designs to get you into the swing of crafting LEGO ornaments.
Because LEGO bricks aren’t just for building houses and vehicles—they can be decorative too.
McVeigh has crammed this seasonal book with plenty of festive ornaments, like a poinsettia, snowflake, wreath, present, Christmas tree, gingerbread house, and more.
There’s even year-round designs like a lantern, arcade, computer, camera, and cheeseburger.
Each tutorial provides step-by-step instructions with photos and diagrams to help.
The guide is a great first step to starting your ornament-making career, but if the LEGO Ideas forum has taught us anything, it that it probably won’t take long for you to start building your own original designs.

Did You Know Why Squinting Helps You See Better

Together with the cornea, the lens helps refract all of the light that enters the eye and focus it on the innermost layer, the retina.
The retina contains two different types of photoreceptors responsible for vision: rods and cones.
Cones use three types and Rods use one.
Cones, while less in number and sensitivity than rods, are responsible for color and high resolution.
Because of this, they are referred to as blue, green and red cones.
All of those waves are processed by all of the rods and cones in the different areas of your eye.
The shape of your eye’s lens and its ability to change shape, allows us to focus the light entering the eye, on the fovea.
This helps the lens focus the light appropriately on the fovea.
The wavelengths for specific colors are as follows: Violet- 400-420nm Indigo- 420-440nm Blue- 440-490nm Green- 490-570nm Yellow- 570-585nm Orange- 585-620nm Red- 620-780nm As stated in the article, there are red, blue, and green cones.
Rods don’t respond to light wavelengths in the red spectrum.

Historical Presidential Facts You Won’t Believe

Fascinating Presidential Facts, Why Salt Enhances Flavor and Much More.
In this week’s “best of” our YouTube channel, we share some interesting presidential facts, as well as answer the questions; why does salt enhance the flavor of food, why some coins have ridges, why are cashews not sold in their shells and where the name Ferris Wheel came from.
Click here to subscribe to our YouTube Channel for many more videos like this.
Fascinating Facts You Probably Don’t Know About Every United States President Equal Rights and Free Love- The Remarkable Story of the First Female U.S. Presidential Candidate Why Does Salt Enhance Flavor?
Why Do Some Coins Have Ridges?
Why are Cashews Not Sold to Consumers in Their Shells?
Why are Ferris Wheels Called Ferris Wheels?

Debunking Pirate Myths – Parrots, Peg-legs, Plunder

For example, the rumor that pirates commonly made people walk the plank simply isn’t true.
If you’re wondering how walking the plank became so ingrained in pirate mythos, it was Robert Louis Stevenson’s 1883 novel Treasure Island and J.M.
So, if you lived in the 17th century and saw a parrot on a pirate’s shoulder, it was most likely not going to be there for long.
The whole ship was made of it.
However, having a peg-leg wasn’t exactly a way to make yourself a valuable crew member aboard a ship being tossed around on the ocean, so even if you survived the amputation and healed up just fine, your career as a pirate was probably over.
But we aren’t talking about the 1883 book version.
As for all the “arrs,” this was also popularized by Robert Newton, who just so happened to be from the same area of England that the fictional Long John Silver was from – England’s West Country.
Additionally, since fishing and shipyards were a part of everyday life in West Country, maritime sayings were used often as well.
So, while Long John Silver was a fictional character, his speech patterns weren’t wholly so in the movie, though perhaps didn’t reflect those of the golden age of piracy.
But either way, while it’s theoretically possible that some pirate out there during the golden age of piracy and after said “arrrr,” the direct evidence for it is nonexistent.

A Recent Time in British History When Husbands Sold Their Wives

That Surprisingly Recent Time in British History When Husbands Sold Their Wives at Market.
Welcome to the wacky world of wife selling!
One of the earliest recorded wife sales took place in 1733, in Birmingham, central England.
The local paper of the day records how “Samuel Whitehouse…sold his wife, Mary Whitehouse, in open market, to Thomas Griffiths.
Wife-selling deals always followed the same very public ritual.
I wull be sold.
I wants a change.” In fact, almost all sales took place with the agreement of both husband and wife.
Wife selling killed two birds with one stone—it was the quickest of quickie ways to legally absolve a married couple from their responsibilities to one another, plus it provided some live street theater for the local community.
At times the husband would even use this fee to buy drinks for everyone in the local inn—including his ex-wife and her new husband.
This article is reprinted with permission from Uncle John’s Bathroom Reader Plunges Into History (Again).

Why Do People Wear Black for Mourning?

Why Do People Wear Black for Mourning?.
(And if you’re wondering, see What Ever Happened to the Neanderthals?).
More familiar types of mourning attire in the West began to appear in Europe during the Middle Ages.
A society with a strict hierarchy, its fashion reflected its social stratification, and during the funeral and period of mourning, only the most high-ranking could afford to wear expensive black or white crepe, and these were adorned with long trains and hoods; others showed their bereavement by wearing far plainer dark clothing.
While not universally followed, particularly sometimes ignored by the less affluent by necessity, a widow was expected to observe a period of “full mourning” for a year after death, and this included wearing only dull clothing and a veil over her face when she left the house, as well as to avoid “balls and frivolous events.” For the following year, she would be in “half mourning,” during which she could wear colors as bright as mauve and violet, as well as a bit of normal jewelry.
Siblings only had to endure the heaviest mourning clothing for six months, after which they were expected to wear only gray, white or black.
Victorian norms that reflected a Protestant tradition were not necessarily followed by Catholics in the 19th century, and the latter’s rules were a bit more strict.
For example, Catholic widows and widowers were expected to wear only black during the period of what they called “deep mourning,” which lasted for one year.
For their half mourning (another six months), the color remained severe for widows, and was either black with a bit of white, or white with a bit of black.
If you liked this article, you might also enjoy subscribing to our new Daily Knowledge YouTube channel, as well as: Bonus Fact: Many regions of the world don’t go by the black = mourning attire general rule found in the West, and even in the West it’s not anywhere close to universal.

Nestlé Creates Technology to Use Less Sugar in Chocolate

Nestlé Has Developed Technology to Use Less Sugar in Chocolate.
This will allow company confectioners to reduce the sweet stuff in chocolate products by as much as 40 percent, they claim.
Chocolate candy isn’t the biggest source of sugar in the average American’s diet (that would be soda), and for the most part, people know they’re not doing their bodies any favors by eating it.
But since recent studies link added sugars in foods to an increased risk for obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and heart disease, confectioners have new incentive to provide customers with reduced sugar options.
Until now, a tricky question remained: Could they do so without sacrificing flavor?
Nestlé thinks so.
“It is sugar, but it is assembled differently so it can disassemble easily in your mouth with less going into your gastrointestinal tract,” Dr. Stefan Catsicas, Nestlé’s chief technology officer, told The New York Times.
This reportedly allows food companies to use less of it in products.
However, the company expects to begin using its new, reformulated sugar in products from 2018 onwards.
Eventually, Nestlé might also sell it to other companies for use.

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