Figure and Ground

Figure and Ground

Because we live on land, we tend to make maps in which oceans are afterthoughts, mere spaces between the continents.
In 1986 oceanographer Athelstan Spilhaus sought to remedy this with a cartographic puzzle in which seven pieces can be combined in various ways, each presenting “a different, but equally valid, viewpoint of the features of the earth.” Above, they’re arranged to show that “the land masses of North and South America, on the one hand, and those of Europe, Asia, and Africa on the other, are maintained in associated groupings, while the vastness of the Pacific Ocean has been set off to the left of the map.” But the same seven pieces might be rearranged to illustrate the fact that “the Pacific Ocean widely separates Asia from the Americas.” In 1942 Spilhaus had also devised a world map in which the oceans take the forefront, reminding us that Earth is “a water planet, with a single great ocean covering nearly three-quarters of its surface.”

17 Frozen Facts About Antarctica

17 Frozen Facts About Antarctica

It’s no secret that the Earth still has plenty of secrets she’s keeping to herself, and the fact that Antarctica is so remote, hosts a harsh, uninviting climate, and is ridiculously huge means that it’s likely holding onto more than its fair share of…well, secrets.
Below are 17 totally interesting, totally true things we’ve already discovered about the continent at – literally – the end of the earth.
More meteorites are found in Antarctica than anywhere else in the world.
Though they land on earth with random occurrence, the Antarctic’s dry climate and white landscape make them easier to preserve and spot.
The first person born in Antarctica was Emilio Marcus Palma.
His father was the head of the Argentine Army detachment at the Esperanza Research Base when the boy was born in 1978.
Since then, 10 more people have been born on the continent.
Sled dogs were banned in 1994.
The first expedition to the South Pole (in 1911) used sled dogs to haul supplies, and though they were used for decades after that, they were banned in 1994 out of the fear they could transmit canine distemper to the local seals, or possibly escape and disturb local protected wildlife.
Good luck on your next round of Trivial Pursuit!

China’s artificial sun reaches fusion temperature: 100 million degrees

China’s artificial sun reaches fusion temperature: 100 million degrees

Nuclear fusion could someday provide the planet with a virtually limitless supply of clean energy.
Still, scientists have many other obstacles to pass before fusion technology becomes a viable energy source.
Scientists in China have reported a major breakthrough in the quest for nuclear fusion technology, which would harness power through the same processes that occur within stars.
The temperatures inside EAST are actually about seven times hotter than the center of the sun, where the added pressure from gravity allows for fusion to occur.
The fusion process releases vast amounts of heat and energy, the results of which we can see when we look up at the Sun, or any star in the night sky.
Credit: EAST Team The opposite of fusion is nuclear fission, which occurs when the nuclei of atoms split in a chain reaction.
This process also releases extraordinary amounts of energy, and it’s currently used in nuclear weapons and power plants worldwide.
Nuclear fusion is relatively clean.
The recent success at EAST represents an important step toward that goal.
Still, while the recent achievement at the EAST reactor proves that the ‘artificial sun’ can produce the extreme temperatures necessary for nuclear fusion, and also allowed researchers to study how plasma reacts at such temperatures, scientists still have many milestones to cross before the technology could possibly become a safe and reliable option for limitless, clean energy.

Lyme and other tickborne diseases are on the rise in the U.S. Here’s what that means.

Lyme and other tickborne diseases are on the rise in the U.S. Here’s what that means.

That’s a 22 percent increase in cases — or roughly 11,000 more — than were reported in 2016, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced on November 14.
Lyme disease accounted for most of the reported diseases, with nearly 43,000 cases in 2017, up from over 36,000 in 2016.
SN: What are the gaps in prevention, diagnosis or treatment of these illnesses that you identified?
We need to do better at educating physicians because they don’t always know what that Lyme bull’s-eye rash looks like.
Number of tickborne disease cases in the U.S. (2004–2017) SN: What worries you the most about this increase in tickborne diseases?
We don’t understand why this happens to some people.
SN: Why are the number of cases of tickborne diseases increasing?
Aucott: It’s because the ticks are spreading.
As the infected ticks spread geographically, more people are exposed to infected ticks, and you have more disease.
SN: Are there indications that cases will continue to rise?

What would happen if America defaulted on its debt?

What would happen if America defaulted on its debt?

The United States government has a lot of debt.
To make up for this, we’ll look at what would happen if the United States was unable or unwilling to pay its debt from five different perspectives, starting with the world of international finance and ending with the prices at the grocery store.
What would happen if the United States Government defaulted on its debt?
The interest rates on the bonds would go up, as investors would no longer be as sure of future payment.
Investors would likely pull their money out of U.S. stocks and put them into safer stocks abroad since the rising cost of business in the U.S. would make companies less profitable.
People holding government debt Despite what fearmongers might tell you, less than half of the national debt is owed to foreign governments.
All of these institutions would suddenly find themselves a lot worse off than they were the day before a default.
Even if you were still getting a paycheck, don’t hold bonds or owe money on loans, have a safe pension fund, and dodged the effects of a stock market crash: the inflation caused by a default would affect you.
Any money you have saved away will begin to lose its value since the inflation rate will be well above the interest rate the bank is paying you.
Hyperinflation tends to happen in countries without a robust economic base, and utter buffoons were managing their economies.

If You’re Looking for a Safe Alternative to Football, Soccer May Not Be the Answer

If You’re Looking for a Safe Alternative to Football, Soccer May Not Be the Answer

With all we now know about the long term effects of concussions and head injuries, participation in youth football in America is on the decline.
Parents are (rightfully) concerned about letting their kid get banged around on a field, and many of them are turning toward soccer thinking that they’re choosing a safer option.
The research, published in Pediatrics, found that between 1990 and 2014 the number of soccer-related injuries treated in emergency rooms rose by 78%.
Furthermore, there’s building evidence that heading a ball – a common and key element of the sport – can make a player more susceptible to concussions in general.
“While American football has been both scientifically and colloquially associated with the highest concussion rates, our study found that girls, and especially those who play soccer, may face a higher risk,” says Wellington Hsu, a professor at orthopedics at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine.
The CDC and US Youth Soccer league have teamed up to support a project called “Heads Up” that gives soccer coaches access to concussion training courses and helps make parents more aware of the issues.
The hope is that the program will result in more professionals being held accountable for recognizing and treating potential head injuries.
The awareness training, in combination with advances in headgear, should help make the sport safer, but parents still need to make a decision with their child’s best long term interest in mind.
At the very least, the study warns, families should educate themselves on the signs of harm and talk with their children about how to recognize symptoms, too.
There’s always swimming.

Last Words: 20 Incredible Stories of Loved Ones’ Final Moments Before Passing

Last Words: 20 Incredible Stories of Loved Ones’ Final Moments Before Passing

However, she passed in those few minutes I took to get ready.
I was awakened by my mother one morning, (she had been dead for many years), saying to me, “Don’t worry.
I miss her and dad more every day.
When my mother told me she had repeatedly seen herself dead in a coffin, I brushed it off and said something like, “Growing older brings on thoughts of death.” She died a week later.
My mom was dying from her 5th cancer battle.
That day I got to the hospital.
The nurse asked if we wanted to bring in the Hospital Chaplain.
He passed within minutes of us leaving that room.
That night, she looked at her roommate, (she was in assisted living), and said, “I’m going home tonight, baby,” as only she could say in her Louisiana tone… She passed that night.
And every year since, on either the anniversary of her death or my birthday, there’s been a rainbow.

Man Picks Up Hitchhiker, Helps Him Get A Job And Buys Him A Phone

Man Picks Up Hitchhiker, Helps Him Get A Job And Buys Him A Phone

A man in California is feeling blessed after an incredible display of kindness from a stranger.
Wayne Williamson shared the touching story on his Facebook page along with a photo of the man who helped him.
This is what Wayne wrote: “This man is amazing!!
I’m hitchhiking from Yuba City to Chico for a job interview today because my company is no longer on the map.
This man picks me up we start talking finding out we were neighbors in Paradise.
He takes me all the way to my interview and waits for me buys me lunch asks me for my phone number.
I explain somehow in all the confusion I lost my phone during evacuation.
He buys me a new phone after I tell him please no.
I wish you the best Greg in your new adventures I’ll never forget today and your kindness ❤️ and I have a new job.”
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Tech History Part 3: FIRST!!! + Many, Many Bonus Facts and Contest Winners

Tech History Part 3: FIRST!!! + Many, Many Bonus Facts and Contest Winners

We then move on to briefly mentioning our sponsor for today- Wix.com, where you can go to create awesome looking, exceptionally easy/fast to create websites for free, as we did here at BrainFood.fm.
If you’re interested, please go to https://wix.com/go/brainfood to get started on your Wix website today!
And check out our new website for the Brainfood Podcast at https://www.brainfood.fm/ Thanks!
Next up, we jump into the main part of the show looking at the surprisingly old first computer and the truth about who really was the first computer programmer.
(Note: Not Ada Lovelace, contrary to popular belief.)
Next we jump into a variety of bonus facts including looking at why C is the default hard drive letter on most computers, touch on what this had to do with some rather interesting stuff regarding Microsoft’s early days, the correct way to pronounce “wiki” as in “wikipedia”, what Cunningham’s Law has to do with that, the interesting origin of Tetris, how spam came to mean junk message, and much, much more!
And if you’re interested, here’s the video on Yankee Doodle Dandy we mentioned.
On another note, if you could do us a huge favor and rate and review this show in whatever podcasting platform you’re using (including hopefully giving us some feedback related to the new format), we would be extremely grateful.
(You can also discuss this episode and view references on The BrainFood Show forum here.)
Don’t miss future episodes of this podcast, subscribe here: iTunes | Spotify | Google Play Music | Stitcher | RSS/XML You can also find more episodes by going here: The BrainFood Show

What We Know About How Animals Reacted to the 2017 Eclipse

What We Know About How Animals Reacted to the 2017 Eclipse

We knew it was coming, but other animals didn’t.
These radar networks scan the sky every five or 10 minutes, Nilsson says.
The recorders—generally one per park—captured sound before, during, and after the eclipse, for a total of two terabytes of data.
(In some places, it was so silent that the recorders only captured the noise floor of the instrument itself.)
Other researchers have analyzed the sounds of the eclipse, too.
“There’s more information there,” McKenna says.
Participants could document anything that struck their fancy, but they had to look at whatever it was three times: 30 minutes before the eclipse, once during totality, and then a final time 30 minutes later.
Only a third of participants made all three observations.
And the observations were skewed by species, of course.
The United States will next be plunged into daytime darkness during April 2024.

What is AutoArchive in Outlook and How Does it Work?

What is AutoArchive in Outlook and How Does it Work?

Let’s go through setting it up and running it.
As long as the “Run AutoArchive every” option is switched off (which is the default), AutoArchive will never run.
Each folder that has AutoArchive switched on can use these default settings, or you can use different settings for different folders if you want.
How to Turn On and Customize AutoArchive for Different Folders When you turn AutoArchive on, it only runs by default against the following folders: Sent Items Deleted Items Calender Tasks If you want it to run on any other folder, you’ll need to turn it on for each folder (or turn it off on any of those four folders against which you don’t want it to run).
There’s also the option to go straight to the AutoArchive Settings, which saves you a step once you’re inside the Folder Properties.
In the Folder Properties window, click the AutoArchive tab to access the settings for that folder.
For most folders, the “Do not archive items in this folder” setting will be on by default.
This means that when the AutoArchive process runs, the folder will be ignored and no items in it will be archived.
If you want the folder to be included, switch on the “Archive items in this folder using the default settings” option.
That will change all folders that have the “Archive this folder using these settings” switched on to have “Archive items in this folder using the default settings” switched on instead.

Stan Lee Gets A Touching Tribute In Marvel Fan Art

Stan Lee Gets A Touching Tribute In Marvel Fan Art

Stan Lee receives a touching tribute in a new piece of Marvel fan art.
The entertainment industry continues to mourn the loss of Lee, who passed away earlier this week at the age of 95.
It goes without saying the plethora of characters he co-created touched millions of people around the world, and many of them are now household names thanks to the record-breaking success of the Marvel Cinematic Universe.
Since Lee’s death, there have been a number of tributes shared from fans and Marvel creatives.
The original six Avengers of the MCU even took out a full magazine ad to pay their respects to the late legend.
BossLogic took to Twitter to share his latest piece, which depicts several Marvel characters attending Lee’s funeral.
As the artist notes, the lineup of heroes and villains consists of those Lee created, as well as other popular ones (like Deadpool).
Fittingly engraved in the coffin is Lee’s trademark catchphrase, “Excelsior.”
Check it out in the space below: Farewell!
The current golden age of comic book movie adaptations helped Lee’s creations find new audiences and reach extremely high levels of popularity.

Trump Sandwich

Trump Sandwich

View all photos The 2016 presidential election in the United States revealed a sharply divided nation.
Arguments between supporters and opponents of the new president, Donald J. Trump, raged across dinner tables and social media platforms.
One result of the opposition to the new president was a symbolic deli sandwich.
The ingredient list of the Trump Sandwich is simple: white bread, bologna lunch meat, Russian-style salad dressing, and a garnish of a cornichon.
Store owners in the United States (and occasionally in Canada and the United Kingdom) advertised the sandwich as “white bread, full of baloney, with Russian dressing, and a small pickle.” Each ingredient is, of course, a reference to a Trump-related issue that has made headlines.
The white bread touches upon the issues of race and racism that arose during the election and remain a matter of national debate.
The bologna symbolizes the “baloney” (American slang for lies or nonsense) that some believe feature prominently in President Trump’s promises and rhetoric.
Then there’s the cornichon.
The small pickle is a not-so-subtle jab at the size of the president’s manhood.
As left-leaning political satire, this sandwich can be found with much higher frequency in deli establishments in college towns and politically liberal parts of the United States and abroad.

24 Amazing, Homemade Dungeons & Dragons Maps

24 Amazing, Homemade Dungeons & Dragons Maps

We received dozens of fantasy adventure maps illustrating the amazing worlds in our readers’ imaginations.
From a hand-drawn city nestled inside a giant turtle shell, to a computer-illustrated continent, to a “Paraelemental Plane of Ooze” that’s honestly a little too real, your D&D maps are more incredible than we could have imagined.
At the bottom of the map, you’ll see Jonrosh tied to a bed, ankles destroyed so he remains focused on writing for the perverted troll holding him captive.” — Robin Johnson, St. Louis, Missouri New Asgard “In my modern urban fantasy campaign I decided to strand my players for quite some time on an alternate Asgard, one in which all the realms were on one landmass.
Turning the map 180 degrees, the perspective flips to display the sea-side of the giant turtle shell.
The shell itself was modeled after a real turtle shell that lives on the bookshelf above my D&D books.” — Josh Unruh, Nashville, Tennessee Djallvis “Inspired by wanting to use the themes and races of the D&D 5th edition world, but put my own spin on it.
I drew the grid on parchment paper and then flipped a cookie sheet of jello onto it.
The players loved it.
There was a dragon and two kobold minis encased in the ooze, along with the the treasures that the party was after.
My favorite inspiration is The Quiet Year by Avery Alder, a map-making RPG.” — Aaron King, Minneapolis, Minnesota The Wimplewood “The inspiration for this map actually came from some Halloween Where’s Waldo-style books I had growing up.
The other city quarters are, clockwise, the Ocean Quarter, the Artisans’ Quarter, and the Noble Quarter (with keep, at center, and castle at top, in all white).

What Does It Take to Breed a New Honeybee?

What Does It Take to Breed a New Honeybee?

Though a tranquil place, Buckfast Abbey, in Devon, England, buzzes with activities.
But in addition to wine, the Abbey is the original home of a special bee, bred by one of the brothers to be a world-renowned honey producer.
Better known as Brother Adam, he’d arrived at Buckfast Abbey as an 11-year-old.
So instead, Brother Adam began caring for the Abbey’s bees.
Brother Adam started breeding bees that could resist Isle of Wight disease, but according to Densley, he soon slipped over into “trying to make the perfect bee.” What followed was decades of passionate bee breeding.
Once he had specimens in hand, he worked a few miles from the abbey at a remote location on Dartmoor.
Yet the Abbey itself no longer breeds Buckfast bees.
As for who’s breeding for favorable bee traits, it’s being undertaken by the USDA, as well as researchers at universities.
In order for communities to do selective breeding, local beekeepers have to cooperate to avoid surprise crosses.
At Buckfast Abbey, Densley does what she calls “gentle” selection for traits such as good temperament, but in the end, she’s of the opinion that humanity has done enough to bees.

Mini ‘solar panels’ help yeast shine at churning out drug ingredients

Mini ‘solar panels’ help yeast shine at churning out drug ingredients

Bionic microbes outfitted with tiny semiconductor components can generate useful chemicals more efficiently than normal cells.
Microorganisms like fungi are commonly used in biomanufacturing to convert simple carbon-based molecules, such as sugar, into a wide range of chemical ingredients for pharmaceuticals and other products.
But much of a microbe’s carbon intake typically gets used to power the creature itself, cutting the amount available to form desired chemicals.
In the new setup, described in the Nov. 16 Science, microbial cells are coated in semiconductor nanoparticles that absorb and transfer energy from sunlight to the cell, similar to the way rooftop solar panels supply energy to a house.
That process allows the cell to funnel carbon it would normally use as a fuel toward its chemical output instead.
Chemical and biological engineer Neel Joshi of Harvard University and colleagues tested this scheme using baker’s yeast cells covered in nanoparticles made of the semiconductor indium phosphide.
Baker’s yeast consumes the sugar glucose to produce shikimic acid, which is used to make the flu medication Tamiflu.
In lab experiments, cyborg microbes equipped with nanoparticles produced about three times as much shikimic acid as normal baker’s yeast fed the same amount of glucose.
Light-harvesting nanoparticles could boost the chemical output of other microbes, as well, such as yeast cells that generate benzylisoquinoline alkaloids, the family of chemicals that includes morphine (SN Online: 6/17/15).
Microbe-semiconductor hybrids could also increase the production of ingredients for multivitamins, fragrances, renewable fuels and other materials.

New Raspberry Pi 3 Model A+ Packs in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth; Will Be Last of Classic Line

New Raspberry Pi 3 Model A+ Packs in Wi-Fi and Bluetooth; Will Be Last of Classic Line

Don’t treat any of your friends to lunch today.
You could use that $25 to buy the new Raspberry Pi 3 Model A+.
The new Raspberry Pi 3 Model A+ features Bluetooth, Wi-Fi connectivity, 1.4GHz clock speed, and an itty-bitty form factor.
Like the B+, the new A+ is powered by a microUSB cable, and supports 1080p video output from its HDMI port.
The original A+ sported a wimpy 256MB of RAM (the new A+ has twice as much RAM), and you could only transfer data by its single USB port—it didn’t have Bluetooth or Wi-Fi connectivity.
Of course, you can’t expect the new A+ to replace your desktop computer.
It doesn’t have an Ethernet port, and it only has one USB input.
But for $25, this much-requested product will certainly find a lot of use in education, DIY projects, and the Internet of Things.
Hopefully, we’ll see a new, revolutionary Raspberry Pi board in the next few years.
In the meantime, we should celebrate the inexpensive, reliable hardware that the Raspberry Pi Foundation is known for.

NYTimes exposé reveals how Facebook handled scandals

NYTimes exposé reveals how Facebook handled scandals

The exhaustive report is based on interviews with more than 50 people with ties to the company.
It outlines how senior executives misled the public and lawmakers in regards to what it had discovered about privacy breaches and Russian interference in U.S. politics.
A new report from The New York Times provides a behind-closed-doors look at the tactics Facebook used to suppress, muddle and counteract the widespread criticism that’s hit the company in recent years.
It suggests, as others have before, that Facebook’s unrelenting desire for expansion caused myriad problems, some arguably predictable, others not so much. “Most spoke on the condition of anonymity because they had signed confidentiality agreements, were not authorized to speak to reporters or feared retaliation,” the report states.
Facebook’s chief operating officer insisted a 2017 blog post on Russian interference be watered down On Sept. 6, 2017, the day of the company’s quarterly board meeting, Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg insisted a blog post, set to be published that day, about Russian interference “be less specific” than the draft company officials had first presented. “It said little about fake accounts or the organic posts created by Russian trolls that had gone viral on Facebook, disclosing only that Russian agents had spent roughly $100,000 — a relatively tiny sum — on approximately 3,000 ads,” the report states.
Facebook hired a Republican opposition-research firm to discredit protesters Facebook hired Definers Public Affairs, an opposition-research firm founded by Republicans, to push negatives stories about the social media company’s critics and rivals, including Google. “Back off, he told Mr. Warner, according to a Facebook employee briefed on Mr. Schumer’s intervention.
Mr. Warner should be looking for ways to work with Facebook, Mr. Schumer advised, not harm it.”

Kim Kardashian Says Kanye West Is ‘Not Political’, ‘Happens to Like Donald Trump’s Personality’

Kim Kardashian Says Kanye West Is ‘Not Political’, ‘Happens to Like Donald Trump’s Personality’

Kim Kardashian West wants to set the record straight about her husband Kanye West‘s support of President Donald Trump.
He’s very not political actually,” Kardashian West explained.
“He just happens to like Donald Trump‘s personality but doesn’t know about the politics.
So I’ve educated him recently, and I think it gets really misconstrued.
“I could also coexist with someone and still have different political views,” Kardashian West said.
But he’s just fighting for free thought and for the freedom to like a person even if it’s not the popular decision.” “You’re trying to be a Kanye translator,” Jones said.
RELATED VIDEO: Kris Jenner Admits She Wishes Son-in-Law Kanye West Would ‘Share’ Some of His Thoughts ‘Privately’ “He does need a translator.
A source recently told PEOPLE about the couple’s dynamic.
She’s really the only person he listens to completely.” “After the last episode, I know that Kim took him away and they had some very serious talks where she told him what she thought.
“So he needs the calming force of Kim, and he talks about her like that.” In October, West changed his tune.

‘Fantastic Beasts 2’ Campaign Rallies Harry Potter Fans for Next Chapter

‘Fantastic Beasts 2’ Campaign Rallies Harry Potter Fans for Next Chapter

The Wizarding World established in print by J.K. Rowling and then on film by Warner Bros. keeps expanding with this week’s Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald.
The film is projected to open to $65 million-plus in its debut.
The Posters Newt stands facing the camera while Dumbledore is at his back on the first poster, released in March, giving the audience what they want, which is a look at Law in character.
Another just uses a photo of the whole cast inside a symbol, with copy asking “Who will change the future?” A series of posters featured each one of the main characters in close-up, with a brief description of what their situation is as the story picks up.
Newt and Albus are both shown on the Dolby exclusive poster, with copy between them asking “Who will change the future,” which attempts to lay out the stakes of the story.
There are fantastic creatures, returning characters and more in the middle of the trailer as we get a sense of the look and feel of the movie.
Dumbledore is back then, explaining that while he can’t move against Grindelwald, Newt can.
For both Comic-Con and final trailer, Warner Bros. released “fan reaction” videos.
An additional “Magic Continues” featurette made sure to connect this movie to the rest of the Harry Potter series, explaining to fans that this one features lots of familiar characters.
That message is behind much of the campaign, from the numerous fan events and screenings to the featurettes that highlighted how this story lays the groundwork for the Harry Potter series that, chronologically, comes decades later.

The Tooth-Rotting Trials of Building Better-Tasting Berries

The Tooth-Rotting Trials of Building Better-Tasting Berries

While doing postdoctoral work at the University of Florida’s blueberry breeding program, she got a memorable taste of the at-times frustrating quest to build a better berry.
And that’s largely thanks to breeding programs like the University of Florida’s, where scientists and graduate students weed out stomach-turning breeds in order to find the toothsome varieties that eventually make it to our grocery stores.
In fact, the closest Dr. Taber came to witnessing dying flavor was encountering a blueberry that, quite literally, tasted like death.
But every now and then, she was tasked with taste-testing: popping hundreds, sometimes over 1,000, newly bred blueberries into her mouth each day in order to find viable varieties and weed out the bad ones.
They were so sour, in fact, that testing called for several eating and spitting techniques in order to spare a taster’s stomach and teeth.
Even if it ends up tasting fine, Dr. Taber says, fruits that deviate from the aesthetics of the platonic ideal of a blueberry probably won’t sell.
“It takes a second for the flavor to hit, and if it makes you want to cry, you just spit it out.” She and her colleagues finessed the art of spitting without sticking out the tongue, rocketing the fruit out of their mouths, blowgun-style, to ensure the sour mush made minimal contact with teeth and tongue.
From this exhaustive process, only a few newly bred berries, out of tens of thousands, proceeded to the final round: the public taste panel.
“We’re like, no, they’re university test berries.
“It tasted really good because the bushes were spoiled, and they were fresh—that’s it.” Before pointing fingers, Dr. Taber says, we should look at the micro-decisions we make as shoppers and tasters—and even the ways in which we’ve come to understand what flavor means in the world of produce.

A Massive Meteorite Crater Has Been Hiding Under Greenland’s Ice

A Massive Meteorite Crater Has Been Hiding Under Greenland’s Ice

There are still secrets hidden on the vast terrain of Earth.
Now, after collecting detailed scans and physical clues, an international team of researchers has evidence, published in Science Advances, that this unseen crater was made by a giant rock from space, more than half a mile wide.
The crater originally showed up on radar scans made as part of ongoing efforts to map the terrain beneath Greenland’s ice.
But those scans weren’t detailed enough to resolve the telltale features of impact craters, including peaks formed in the center of the ring.
The depression was also massive, about twice the size of Washington, D.C. An impact of this size, though, would leave behind evidence besides a crater.
But collecting material directly from the crater is a major challenge: It’s under half a mile of ice.
The scientists located a channel of meltwater that carried with it debris from the depression.
But the most exciting piece of evidence that flushed out of the channel were tiny grains of quartz that showed signs of an impact and included materials that could be made in the melting heat of the impact.
Some researchers have suggested that a massive impact, like this one, could have set off this cooling period, known as the Younger Dryas, which occurred about 12,800 years ago.
There are indications that this crater is young, in geologic time.

IFAN Museum of African Arts

IFAN Museum of African Arts

View all photos Seminal artworks and artifacts from Mali, the Ivory Coast, Guinea Bissau, Burkina Faso, and beyond inhabit the l’Institut Fondamental d’Afrique Noire (IFAN Museum of African Arts) in the Senegalese capital.
The museum’s distinguished collection presents an important glimpse into West African history and the rich cultures that comprise this region.
Ritual masks, instruments, clothing, and weapons forged across Francophone Africa occupy the IFAN Museum, one of the region’s oldest and most prominent institutions dedicated to the research and exhibition of West African art and artifacts.
Founded in 1938, the museum was previously entitled Le Musée d’Art Africain de L’Institute Fondamental d’Afrique Noire Cheikh Anta Diop IFAN/CAD and then The Théodore Monod African Art Museum (named after the French naturalist Théodore Monod).
Its establishment was notably promoted by the first Senegalese president, Léopold Senghor, who served between 1960 and 1980.
Today, the IFAN Museum also serves as the principal site of the Dakar Biennale (also referred to as Dak’Art and the Biennale de l’Art Africain Contemporain), a Dakar-based bi-annual exhibition of contemporary African art in operation since 1996.

Windows 10’s October 2018 Update Breaks Mapped Network Drives

Windows 10’s October 2018 Update Breaks Mapped Network Drives

Microsoft has confirmed an issue where mapped network drives are broken after a PC restarts.
Liam Tung covers this issue over at ZDNet: Within days of Microsoft’s first release of Windows 10 1809 at the beginning of October, IT pros noticed that Windows File Explorer indicated that mapped network drives appeared to be broken.
“Testing the new 1809 update, and everything seems to be fine except all mapped drives to Windows 2012 file servers show disconnected (red x) after reboots or logoff/on,” wrote one IT pro on October 5, with many others confirming the same issue on company networks.
This causes problems when user opens a file located in map drive A but links to another file in mapped drive B.” Mapped network drives are primarily used on domain and other large networks, so this isn’t a problem the average home user will likely notice.
The Windows 10 version 1809 status page says “Microsoft is working on a resolution and will provide updates in the 2019 timeframe.” RELATED: Windows 10’s October Update Returns, Promises Not to Delete Your Files Trend Micro and AMD Radeon Problems The October 2018 Update has some additional issues Microsoft has now acknowledged, too.
Operating system updates are blocked on devices running this software until Trend Micro issues as patch.
There’s also an issue on systems with AMD Radeon HD2000 and HD4000 GPUs.
AMD no longer supports these graphics processors, so Microsoft will have to solve the problem on its own.
The AMD Radeon issue sounds like AMD’s fault—but AMD is no longer supporting that hardware, so Microsoft will have to fix the problem on its own.
Once again, this demonstrates the challenge of “Windows as a Service.”

Hearts Are Melting Over This Young Man’s New Friendship With a Lonely Senior He Met at McDonald’s

Hearts Are Melting Over This Young Man’s New Friendship With a Lonely Senior He Met at McDonald’s

This unlikely duo is a perfect example of how every stranger has the potential to be a friend.
28-year-old Eric Haralson went to a McDonald’s in Noblesville, Indiana last week with the intention of eating breakfast by himself – and as fate would have it, so was Jan. Jan is a 70-year-old woman who approached Haralson in the restaurant and asked if she could sit down with him and eat breakfast.
Haralson enthusiastically said ‘yes’.
Haralson talked about his son and girlfriend, while Jan talked about how she used to be an artist.
When their time together came to an end, Haralson walked her to her car and they exchanged numbers with the intention of having breakfast again soon.
MORE: Watch Grieving Woman’s Emotional Response to Strangers Giving Her Cash After She Paid for Gas in Pennies “She is a wonderful woman,” Haralson told TODAY Food about his new friend.
And how we should not judge anyone because you never know how their day is going and what they’ve been through.” It was only later that Haralson saw a picture of him and his new friend on Facebook.
LOOK: Photo of Man Holding Baby for a Stranger While She Does Paperwork is Melting Hearts Across the Internet “Shout out to this guy!
“My friends and I watched him introduce himself and shake her hand.
“I know if we had forever she would have a story for me for everyday.” Be Sure And Share This Sweet Stories With Your Own Friends On Social Media

Social Media Isn’t All Bad: Facebook Fundraising Has Generated Over $1 Billion in Donations for Charity

Social Media Isn’t All Bad: Facebook Fundraising Has Generated Over $1 Billion in Donations for Charity

An inspiring new report from Facebook shows that social media can be used as an invaluable tool for good.
The platform recently announced that their fundraising tool and “Donate” buttons have collectively raised over $1 billion for nonprofits and personal causes since it was launched in 2015.
According to Facebook’s newsroom, over 20 million people have utilized the tools by either donating or creating their own fundraiser.
The initiative have been so successful with over 1 million nonprofits across 19 countries receiving direct donations from social media, Facebook says that they will soon be launching the fundraising tools in Australia and Canada.
RELATED: Swiss Businessman is Contributing $1 Billion Towards Protecting 30% of the Planet Additionally, the company plans on celebrating this year’s Giving Tuesday by matching up to $7 million in donations for all US-based nonprofit fundraisers happening on Facebook that day.
“We want to celebrate and express our gratitude to the community of people and organizations who have used our tools to support the causes they care about, making a meaningful and lasting impact in their communities,” says Naomi Gleit, Facebook’s Vice President of Social Good.
“None of this would be possible without people in our community who passionately support and raise awareness for the causes and people they care about,” she added.
“We can’t wait to see the impact we can continue to make together.” Be Sure And Celebrate The Milestone By Sharing It With Your Friends On Social Media

Roy Clark, country guitar virtuoso, ‘Hee Haw’ star, dies at 85

Roy Clark, country guitar virtuoso, ‘Hee Haw’ star, dies at 85

According to his publicist, Country Music Hall of Fame member and versatile entertainer Roy Clark died Thursday at his Tulsa, Oklahoma home due to complications from pneumonia.
A fleet-fingered instrumentalist best known for his 24 years as a “Hee Haw” co-host, the affable Clark was one of country music’s most beloved ambassadors. “Whether he’s playing guitar or singing, he’s honest.
He learned how to play banjo at a early age, but it was the guitar that spoke to him. “When I strummed the strings for the first time, something clicked inside me,” he told The Tennessean in 1987.
Not long after that, he was performing on local radio and television. “The camera was very kind to me, and I consider myself to be a television baby,” Clark said in 2009.
Clark’s role as Buck Owens’ overall-clad comedic foil on “Hee Haw,” combined with hits like “Thank God and Greyhound” and “Come Live with Me” endeared him to country audiences in the ’70s.
In 1973, he won the Country Music Association’s Entertainer of the Year Award; later in the decade he won a slew of CMA Instrumentalist of the Year Awards, both as a solo musician and with Buck Trent.
He was also first country star to open a theater in Branson, Missouri.

Keith Urban Thanks His Fans in Post-CMAs Clip as Nicole Kidman Giggles in the Background — Watch

Keith Urban Thanks His Fans in Post-CMAs Clip as Nicole Kidman Giggles in the Background — Watch

Keith Urban had the sweetest afterparty following his major CMA Awards victory — a hangout at home with wife Nicole Kidman!
“Hey everyone, it’s Keith here in the kitchen.” In the background, the Big Little Lies actress, 51, let out a happy giggle.
“Just got home from the most epic CMA night tonight,” Urban continued.
Kidman then ambushed Urban, planting a smooch on his cheek before rushing away.
I just want to say thank you to every person that voted.” “All the fans, you guys are phenomenal.
You are phenomenal.
“This means the world to me tonight.
Alongside a boomerang in which she opened and closed the card announcing Urban’s win, Kidman wrote, “What a night!
“Baby girl I love you so much,” he gushed to his wife.
We have a Shake Shack open near us, so I’mma hit that.”

Prince William Just Gave His Boldest Speech Ever — on Behalf of George, Charlotte and Louis

Prince William Just Gave His Boldest Speech Ever — on Behalf of George, Charlotte and Louis

Prince William just delivered arguably his hardest-hitting speech ever, calling on technology companies to do more to innovate and clamp down on the abuses that persist on their platforms.
In a major address during anti-bullying week in the U.K. on Thursday, he spoke about trolling in cyberspace, the rise in fake news and the difficulties young people face when seeing idealized lives portrayed on social media.
He told the gathered crowd at the BBC in London that tech companies should “reject the false choice of profits over values.” “You have powered amazing movements of social change.
Surely together you can harness innovation to allow us to fight back against the intolerance and cruelty that has been brought to the surface by your platforms.” He added, “And you have brought families together in ways that were previously unimaginable.
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“You can reject the false choice of profits over values.
You can choose to do good and be successful.
“You can work in the interest of the children and parents who use your products and still make your shareholders happy.
For too many, social media and messaging was supercharging the age-old problem of bullying, leaving some children to take their own lives when they felt it was unescapable.” William said that he recognizes how internet companies and social media platforms — some starting in humble college dorms — have brought people closer.
“The men and women who invented and developed social media platforms are justifiably proud of the difference they have made in the world,” William said.

There’s No Magic Left in Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald

There’s No Magic Left in Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald

(The film is about as cheap- and plain-looking as a just-O.K.
big-budget show, too.)
Scattered, confusing, and haunted by past grandeur, Crimes of Grindelwald perhaps marks the landmark moment when, alas, the magic finally flickers out.
Just as Game of Thrones began to sputter after it exhausted its rich source material, Grindelwald is far enough beyond the scope of J.K. Rowling’s original world—while trying desperately to entwine itself with it—that it can only gesture (or is it a flail?)
toward what once, not too long ago, made these stories so special.
If even they can’t figure out how to expand this narrative in any comprehensible or engrossing way, then what possible future could the whole enterprise have?
Maybe this should have been a TV series, if Rowling wanted to encompass so much—or she could have written a novel and then waited for a sufficient adaptation.
The Fantastic Beasts series is building toward wizard of all wizards Albus Dumbledore’s big showdown with the new film’s titular menace, dimly detailed in the last Harry Potter book.
I guess that’s meant to be exciting.
I guess there’s an argument to be made that Rowling is reminding us that dangerous political ideology never really dies.

Talent Wins: Eight Key Ways to Put People First

Talent Wins: Eight Key Ways to Put People First

When change comes and makes your tech obsolete and your business strategy caput, your make-or-break resource will be an agile, high-performing talent pool.
Look for unlikely people creating unlikely value in unlikely places.
Traditional promotion structures don’t surface people with soft power skills so identifying the two percent is difficult.
Turn your hierarchy into a talent marketplace.
The new model of HR lead is excellent at matching top performers to the right jobs.
Make HR tracks attractive.
Top performers aim for other job titles because they make more money.
C.H.R.O.s tend to make 50 percent to 60 percent of a C.F.O.’s direct compensation.
Organizations should invest in data gathering software—even data centers—that surfaces and solves the talent pain points that only big data can see.
How to make that performance review even more valuable?

Google Says Faster Updates Are Coming: All Android Pie Phones Include Project Treble

Google Says Faster Updates Are Coming: All Android Pie Phones Include Project Treble

Android’s update situation is notoriously bad, with even flagship phones like the Galaxy series taking months for the latest feature updates to come out.
Google hasn’t stood still on this though, and its hard work with Project Treble is starting to pay off.
What is Project Treble?
Silicon vendors like Qualcomm and MediaTek would add in and test code so that their processors would support the new software version.
Hardware vendors like Samsung and LG add in and test code to support other hardware in the phone and their own software features.
Starting with phones that shipped with Android 8.0 Oreo, the silicon vendor code can be separate from the hardware vendor code.
Samsung, LG, and other device manufacturers don’t have to wait for this code to start their work on the update, meaning it gets rolled out to consumers that much faster.
It’s Starting to Working After a year of use, Project Treble is already starting to pay off: Google expects more devices to be updated to Android 9.0 Pie by the end of this year than were updated to Android 8.0 Oreo by the end of 2017.
Showing the GSI running on all these different phones is a great testament to how well Treble works, and application developers can use the GSI to test app compatibility with Android Pie on a device that hasn’t been officially updated by its manufacturer.
While it’s not perfect, Project Treble has already made a big improvement in the Android ecosystem, and it’ll mean your phone gets updated that much faster!

How to Collect Rainwater

How to Collect Rainwater

However, in states like Nevada, rain water harvesting with rain barrels is illegal without a water right.
[3] You’ll use this spigot hole to extract water from the barrel, so make sure it’s not so low that you can’t slide a bucket or watering can under it.
4 Cut a hole in the lid to collect water from your home’s downspout.
Before you secure the garbage can lid, cut a large piece of landscaping fabric and place it over the entire opening.
7 Place the barrel under your downspout to collect rainwater for a home or garden.
You also want the collection area itself to slope just a bit towards the corner closest to the storage area, which ensures that the water won’t sit and stagnate as it collects.
Make it about 6 inches (15 cm) shorter than the tarp on all sides so you can pull the tarp over the bermed edges.
[12] You can use a tarp of any size to collect rainwater, but a larger the surface area, the more water you’ll harvest.
Cut a hole through the lowest corner of the collection tarp, just large enough to fit the opening of your pipe through, then seal it over with waterproof sealant.
If you don’t want to buy a large storage tank, simply dig a deep hole, at least 5–6 ft (150–180 cm), into the ground and cover with with a tarp.

How Do I Open a Port on Windows Firewall?

How Do I Open a Port on Windows Firewall?

To do so, you’ll have to open a port.
Note: This article shows you how to open a port on a particular PC’s firewall to let traffic in.
How to Open a Port on Windows 10 Clicking Start, type “Windows Firewall” into the search box, and then click on “Windows Defender Firewall.” Once Windows Firewall opens, click on “Advanced Settings.” This launches Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security.
On the Rule Type page, select the “Port” option and then click “Next.” On the next screen, you’ll have to choose whether the port you’re opening uses the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) or User Datagram Protocol (UDP).
Unfortunately, we can’t tell you specifically which to use because different apps use different protocols.
Select the “Specific Local Ports” option and then type the port number into the field provided.
Click “Next” when you’re done.
On the next page, click “Allow the Connection” and then click “Next.” Note: For this guide, we’ll be using the “Allow the Connection” option, as we trust the connection for which we’re creating a rule.
If you want a little more piece of mind, the “Allow the connection if it is secure” rule uses Internet Protocol security (IPsec) to authenticate the connection.
You can try that option, but many apps do not support it.

The Best 360-Degree Action Cameras

The Best 360-Degree Action Cameras

But if you’re looking for something a little different, there are models that record video in 360 degrees at once using multiple lenses.
We’ve made selections for the best standard, budget, and upgraded models, as well as a dark horse pick for users that are already invested in the action camera segment.
Two 208-degree lenses, one on either side, sport a f/2.8 aperture for drinking in light and details.
Together they combine for a 360-degree image with a resolution of 5.8K in the standard 24fps recording mode, or a little smoother in 4K.
But it’s the ease of use that makes the Rylo particularly notable.
Though it’s roughly twice as expensive as the mobile-focused Rylo, it’s much more capable, with a similar resolution that can do full 5.7K, 360-degree recording at 30 frames per second.
The VIRB has some serious software smarts, automatically stabilizing videos and wirelessly transferring them to either a phone app or desktop editor.
But if you’re already familiar with GoPro cameras and you’re invested in the company’s accessories and software ecosystem, it might be worth considering anyway.
The dual lens design can handle 360-degree video at up to 5.2K (3K if you want 60 frames per second), and it includes light waterproofing and GoPro’s impressive digital video stabilization.
Like other GoPro cameras, it’s easy to transfer video and still photos to either your phone or PC for editing or sharing to social media.

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